These 5 animals also travel with psychedelic and psychoactive drugs
At the end of last month, the United States National Park Service invited its visitors toplease don’t lick” the toads that inhabit its parks. While the invitation surely applied to toads of all shapes, sizes, and species, it specifically targeted the Sonoran Desert Toad., a large, tough amphibian famous for secreting a special super-toxic substance so scared.
In addition to his toxicity, this poison, commonly known as “Five” or “Bufo”, also has intense psychoactive properties if scraped from the skin of toads and smoked. Apparently, the visions and sensations produced by this process are so strong and pleasurable that people are beginning to give up scratching and smoking and instead go straight to the source.
Although it is unclear whether touching the tongue to the toad produces the same type or force of travel as the traditional method of inhalation, the interest of these individuals in toad licking is part and parcel of a phenomenon. much larger, not just for our own species.
In fact, history shows that Homo sapiens have always handled an assortment of psychoactive substances, drawn from plant and animal sources for the purpose of pleasure or pain relief. However, humans are not the The only ones in search of psychotropic materials.
Here are five types of animals that enjoy a natural type of high.
1. Cats and catnip
(Credit: Alan Tunnicliffe)
From the adorable lumps that live on our couches to the lions, leopards and lynxes that live in the wild, cats are known to love catnip. The plant appears all over the world, producing a chemical called nepetalactone. Whether inhaled or injected, this chemical puts cats in a daze, causing them to sniff, stretch, roll and rub without thinking. Some scientists think the plant also produces hallucinations, as some cats crush or stalk imaginary prey under its influence.
Several types of cats seek out other psychoactive substances to supplement their catnip craze. Jaguars, for example, are also fans of the active psychoactive agents of ayahuasca, also known as yagé. The indigenous peoples of the Amazon Basin brew this type of plant into a drink and sip it as spiritual aid. But for jaguars, the same ingredients make for clumsy, laid-back big cats.
2. Deer and Mushrooms
In Siberia, Scandinavia, and similar regions, several species of deer, including moose and reindeer, are known to munch on flying amanita mushrooms while foraging for food in winter. These mushrooms contain a sedative compound called muscimol and can cause animals to act almost as if they are drunk, move around and make strange sounds.
Amazingly, the psychoactive properties of these mushrooms intensify during digestion, infusing animal urine with psychoactive potency. Experts say that the deer of these regions, as well as several native tribes, have realized that they can ingest this intensified substance. It creates a much more powerful effect than that resulting from simply consuming the mushroom.
3. Dolphins and puffer fish
Around the Atlantic Azores Islands in the 1990s, scientists have seen several dolphins catch, nibble and pass around a puffed up pufferfish for the first of a few times. Stress inhalers produce a potent poison that puts predators into a temporary trance if ingested in small amounts. And the specialists finally assumed that the dolphins intentionally terrified the inhaler into squirting out the intoxicant.
Since the toxin, tetrodotoxin, is deadly in substantial doses, scientists say dolphins pass pufferfish from one individual to another with extreme caution, instilling in the philosophy of “puff, puff pass “stoner a whole new meaning. After nibbling and prodding these fish, the dolphins then float around aimlessly, gazing at the surface of the water with appropriate fascination.
4. Bighorn sheep and lichen
(Credit: Andrea Izzotti/Shutterstock)
Sheep are famous for consuming almost any plant available on their pastures. However, say the scientists that animals are also known to stray from their traditional foraging territories to satisfy their insatiable desire for lichen. In fact, big horn sheep frequently stray from their herds and travel dangerous trails to find their favorite form of lichen, an addictive combination of algae and fungi that only exists in extreme environments.
Once they locate this hallucinogenic lichen high up in their Rocky Mountain home, the sheep then scrape the substance off the rocks with their teeth, wearing down their teeth in the process.
5. Wallaby and poppies
In Australia and on the Australian island of Tasmania, a number of farmers have found wallabies stuffing themselves in fields of poppies, which are grown as an active ingredient in prescription painkillers.
After consuming the poppies, state of observers that the little creatures circle around until they “crash”, sometimes resulting in crop circles, and eventually return to the fields again and again to feast on the psychoactive plants.