Dosage, strength, form, instructions for use, etc.

If you have diabetes, your doctor may suggest GlucaGen as a treatment option. It is a prescription drug used for the following reasons:

  • to treat severe hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) in adults and children with diabetes
  • to interrupt the movement of the digestive tract in adults undergoing certain diagnostic tests

The active ingredient in GlucaGen is glucagon. (An active ingredient is what makes a drug work.) Glucagon belongs to a class of drugs called glucose-elevating drugs.

GlucaGen comes as a powder that you, a caregiver, or healthcare professional will mix with sterile water to make a liquid solution. This solution is then given as one of the following:

Although you can inject yourself under your skin and into your muscles, only a healthcare professional can inject GlucaGen into your vein.

This article describes GlucaGen dosages, as well as its strength and how to take it. To learn more about GlucaGen, check out this detailed article.

To note: This article covers typical GlucaGen dosages provided by the drug manufacturer. But when using GlucaGen, always take the dose prescribed by your doctor.

This section covers standard dosages and administration information for GlucaGen, GlucaGen Diagnostic Kit, and GlucaGen HypoKit. Before prescribing this medicine for you, your doctor will review the dosage instructions specific to your needs.

What are the forms of GlucaGen?

GlucaGen comes in the following forms:

  • GlucaGen HypoKit: This kit contains 1 milliliter (mL) of sterile water in a syringe and 1 milligram (mg) of GlucaGen in a single-dose vial.
  • GlucaGen diagnostic kit: This kit contains 1ml of sterile water in a syringe and 1mg of GlucaGen in a single dose vial.
  • GlucaGen 1 mg single dose vial

How strong is GlucaGen?

GlucaGen is available in one strength: 1 mg of drug per 1 ml (1 mg/1 ml) of sterile water.

What are the usual dosages of GlucaGen?

Your doctor will usually prescribe a low dose of GlucaGen. But they may make you use more if your symptoms don’t improve after your first dose.

The information below describes commonly used or recommended dosages. But be sure to take the dose your doctor has prescribed for you. They will determine the best dosage to meet your needs.

Dosage in severe hypoglycaemia

The recommended dosage of GlucaGen HypoKit for severe hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) is 1mg/1ml of sterile water. It is injected as a single dose in one of the following ways:

If symptoms are not relieved after 15 minutes, a second dose of 1 mg can be injected using a new kit.

Dosage for use with certain radiology exams

The recommended dosage for diagnostic tests varies depending on the part of the digestive tract your doctor needs to treat. Once your doctor has decided on the correct dosage for your condition, he will inject it into you as a single dose.

The following table shows the recommended dosages of GlucaGen for use with diagnostic tests. (Note that each mg of the drug is contained in 1 ml of sterile water.)

What is the dosage of GlucaGen for children?

The GlucaGen dosage for children is based on their age and body weight in kilograms (kg)*. Each dose is injected as a single dose in one of the following ways:

A second dose may be given using a new kit if the child’s symptoms do not improve after 15 minutes.

The following table shows the GlucaGen HypoKit dosage for children with severe hypoglycaemia:

* One kg is approximately 2.2 pounds (lb).

Is GlucaGen used long term?

Yes, GlucaGen is generally used as a long-term treatment when prescribed for hypoglycemic episodes. If you and your doctor determine that it is safe and effective for you, you are likely to use it long term.

Dosage adjustments

GlucaGen is usually injected as a single dose when used for diagnostic testing.

When GlucaGen is used to treat severe hypoglycaemia, you can inject a second dose 15 minutes after the first if the first dose does not work well enough.

The dosage of GlucaGen prescribed by your doctor may depend on several factors. These include:

  • the type and severity of the condition you are using GlucaGen to treat
  • your age
  • your weight
  • the form of GlucaGen you are using
  • how you inject GlucaGen
  • how well your body responds to GlucaGen (see “Dosage adjustments” under “How do you take GlucaGen?”)

Your doctor will prepare and inject the GlucaGen diagnostic kit or single-use vial if you are using the medicine for certain diagnostic tests.

If you are using GlucaGen HypoKit to treat severe hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), you can follow these step-by-step instructions on the drug manufacturer’s website.

Once you are fully awake and able to eat or drink after receiving an injection of GlucaGen, you should consume 15 grams (g) of fast-acting carbohydrates.

Recovering from low blood sugar may require the help of others. So be sure to inform a caregiver or other people around you of the existence of your GlucaGen HypoKit and its use.

For more information on GlucaGen expiration, storage, and disposal, see this article.

Accessible medication containers and labels

If you have trouble reading the prescription label on your medications, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Some pharmacies may provide medication labels that:

  • have large print or use Braille
  • feature a code you can scan with a smartphone to change text to audio

Your doctor or pharmacist may be able to recommend pharmacies that offer these accessibility features if your current pharmacy does not.

Do not use more GlucaGen than your doctor has prescribed, as this can cause serious side effects.

Overdose symptoms

Symptoms caused by an overdose of GlucaGen may include:

What to do if you use too much GlucaGen

Call your doctor immediately if you think you have injected too much GlucaGen. You can also call 800-222-1222 to reach the American Association of Poison Control Centers or use their online resource. But if you have severe symptoms, immediately call 911 (or your local emergency number) or go to the nearest emergency room.

The sections above describe typical dosages provided by the drug manufacturer. If your doctor recommends GlucaGen, he will prescribe the dosage that is right for you.

Remember that you should not change your dose of GlucaGen without your doctor’s advice. Only take GlucaGen exactly as prescribed. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about your current dosage. Here are some sample questions you might want to ask them:

  • Will eating my usual foods affect my GlucaGen dosage for my diagnostic test?
  • When should my child be switched to an adult dose of GlucaGen?
  • Is it safe to use more than two doses of GlucaGen within 24 hours?

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Disclaimer: Healthline has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually correct, complete and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. You should always consult your doctor or other healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or for all specific uses.

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